Document
Table of Contents

United States
Securities and Exchange Commission
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q


ý
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2018

or

¨    Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the Transition Period From _________ to ________

Commission File Number: 1-12235

TRIUMPH GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
51-0347963
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

899 Cassatt Road, Suite 210, Berwyn, PA
 
19312
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

(610) 251-1000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes S No £

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes S No £
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. (Check one)
Large accelerated filer x
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company o
Emerging growth company o
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). Yes o    No x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, 49,835,409 shares outstanding as of November 7, 2018.


Table of Contents

TRIUMPH GROUP, INC.
INDEX
 
 
 
Page Number
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



Table of Contents

Part I. Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements.

Triumph Group, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 
September 30,
2018
 
March 31,
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
33,227

 
$
35,819

Trade and other receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $4,320 and $4,032
377,138

 
376,612

Contract assets
569,934

 
37,573

Inventories, net of unliquidated progress payments of $0 and $387,146
533,583

 
1,427,169

Prepaid and other current assets
28,773

 
44,428

Assets held for sale
1,198

 
1,324

Total current assets
1,543,853

 
1,922,925

Property and equipment, net
714,022

 
726,003

Goodwill
586,518

 
592,828

Intangible assets, net
479,910

 
507,681

Other, net
51,080

 
57,627

Total assets
$
3,375,383

 
$
3,807,064

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ (DEFICIT) EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
$
14,993

 
$
16,527

Accounts payable
561,473

 
418,367

Contract liabilities
354,963

 
321,191

Accrued expenses
230,088

 
235,914

Liabilities related to assets held for sale
244

 
440

Total current liabilities
1,161,761

 
992,439

Long-term debt, less current portion
1,613,046

 
1,421,757

Accrued pension and other postretirement benefits
447,684

 
483,887

Deferred income taxes
16,012

 
16,582

Other noncurrent liabilities
374,931

 
441,865

Stockholders’ (deficit) equity:
 
 
 
Common stock, $.001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 52,460,920 and 52,460,920 shares issued; 49,812,717 and 49,669,848 shares outstanding
51

 
51

Capital in excess of par value
852,402

 
851,280

Treasury stock, at cost, 2,648,203 and 2,791,072 shares
(174,311
)
 
(179,082
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(382,225
)
 
(367,870
)
(Accumulated deficit) retained earnings
(533,968
)
 
146,155

Total stockholders’ (deficit) equity
(238,051
)
 
450,534

Total liabilities and stockholders’ (deficit) equity
$
3,375,383

 
$
3,807,064


SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES.

1


Table of Contents

Triumph Group, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Six Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
855,108

 
$
745,156

 
$
1,688,008

 
$
1,526,845

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)
724,474

 
598,403

 
1,494,688

 
1,244,210

Selling, general and administrative
69,551

 
75,442

 
151,208

 
155,689

Depreciation and amortization
38,134

 
40,868

 
76,945

 
79,999

Restructuring costs
11,832

 
10,101

 
15,879

 
27,602

Loss on divestitures
13,118

 
20,371

 
17,837

 
20,371

 
857,109

 
745,185

 
1,756,557

 
1,527,871

Operating loss
(2,001
)
 
(29
)
 
(68,549
)
 
(1,026
)
Non-service defined benefit income
(16,524
)
 
(18,877
)
 
(33,061
)
 
(38,283
)
Interest expense and other
28,714

 
25,375

 
54,206

 
46,393

Loss before income taxes
(14,191
)
 
(6,527
)
 
(89,694
)
 
(9,136
)
Income tax expense (benefit)
485

 
(1,149
)
 
1,516

 
(1,827
)
Net loss
$
(14,676
)
 
$
(5,378
)
 
$
(91,210
)
 
$
(7,309
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per share—basic:
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
(1.84
)
 
$
(0.15
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding—basic
49,628

 
49,428

 
49,590

 
49,400

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per share—diluted:
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
(1.84
)
 
$
(0.15
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted
49,628

 
49,428

 
49,590

 
49,400

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends declared and paid per common share
$
0.04

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.08

 
$
0.08


SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES.

2


Table of Contents

Triumph Group, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Six Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(14,676
)
 
$
(5,378
)
 
$
(91,210
)
 
$
(7,309
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 
1,038

 
9,905

 
(13,486
)
 
21,326

Defined benefit pension plans and other postretirement benefits:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amounts arising during the period - gains (losses), net of tax (expense) benefit:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior service loss
 

 
523

 

 
523

Reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income - losses (gains), net of tax expense (benefits):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of net loss, net of taxes of $0 for the three and six months ended
 
1,676

 
1,695

 
3,351

 
3,390

Recognized prior service credits, net of taxes of $0 for the three and six months ended
 
(2,075
)
 
(3,042
)
 
(4,149
)
 
(6,084
)
Total defined benefit pension plans and other postretirement benefits, net of taxes
 
(399
)
 
(824
)
 
(798
)
 
(2,171
)
Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) arising during period, net of tax of $(189) and $(2) for the three months ended and $(64) and $(9) for the six months ended, respectively
 
1,706

 
(561
)
 
742

 
(19
)
Reclassification of loss included in net earnings, net of tax of $88 and $11 for the three months ended and $123 and $21 for the six months ended, respectively
 
(742
)
 
(2,021
)
 
(813
)
 
(2,380
)
Net unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges, net of tax
 
964

 
(2,582
)
 
(71
)
 
(2,399
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)
 
1,603

 
6,499

 
(14,355
)
 
16,756

Total comprehensive (loss) income
 
$
(13,073
)
 
$
1,121

 
$
(105,565
)
 
$
9,447


SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES.

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Table of Contents

Triumph Group, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(dollars in thousands) (unaudited)
 
Six Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(91,210
)
 
$
(7,309
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
76,945

 
79,999

Amortization of acquired contract liabilities
(34,038
)
 
(57,371
)
Loss on divestitures
17,837

 
20,371

Other amortization included in interest expense
4,852

 
7,819

Provision for (recovery of) doubtful accounts receivable
212

 
(568
)
Benefit for deferred income taxes

 
(422
)
Employee stock-based compensation
5,728

 
3,418

Changes in assets and liabilities, excluding the effects of acquisitions and dispositions of businesses:
 
 
 
Trade and other receivables
(4,722
)
 
(40,434
)
Contract assets
6,129

 
20,756

Inventories
(49,981
)
 
(29,269
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
5,918

 
2,925

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and contract liabilities
(101,460
)
 
(246,118
)
Accrued pension and other postretirement benefits
(37,021
)
 
(46,049
)
Other
3,632

 
(6,813
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(197,179
)
 
(299,065
)
Investing Activities
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(24,254
)
 
(22,775
)
Proceeds from sale of assets
41,037

 
67,882

Net cash provided by investing activities
16,783

 
45,107

Financing Activities
 
 
 
Net increase in revolving credit facility
219,773

 
87,393

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt and capital leases
24,700

 
510,800

Repayment of debt and capital lease obligations
(58,823
)
 
(357,046
)
Payment of deferred financing costs
(1,922
)
 
(17,120
)
Dividends paid
(3,981
)
 
(3,970
)
Repurchase of restricted shares for minimum tax obligation
(548
)
 
(334
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
179,199

 
219,723

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(1,395
)
 
(1,729
)
Net change in cash
(2,592
)
 
(35,964
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
35,819

 
69,633

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
33,227

 
$
33,669


SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES.

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Table of Contents

Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

1.     BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND ORGANIZATION

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Triumph Group, Inc. (the "Company") have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, the interim financial information includes all adjustments of a normal recurring nature necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations, financial position and cash flows. The results of operations for the three and six months ended September 30, 2018, are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the year ending March 31, 2019. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and should be read in conjunction with the fiscal 2018 audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2018, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") on May 22, 2018.

The Company designs, engineers, manufactures, repairs and overhauls a broad portfolio of aerostructures, aircraft components, accessories, subassemblies and systems. The Company serves a broad, worldwide spectrum of the aviation industry, including original equipment manufacturers of commercial, regional, business, and military aircraft and aircraft components, as well as commercial and regional airlines and air cargo carriers.
The Company has reclassified certain prior period amounts in order to conform to the current period presentation.
Standards Recently Implemented
Adoption of ASU 2014-09
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASU 2014-09”) that supersedes Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 605 (“legacy GAAP”). Subsequently, the FASB issued several updates to ASU 2014-09, which are pending content or otherwise codified in ASC Topic 606 (“ASC 606”). ASU 2014-09 includes new guidance on costs related to a contract, which is codified in ASC Subtopic 340-40 (“ASC 340-40”). The Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method (“method”) effective as of April 1, 2018 (“date of initial application”). Under this method, the cumulative effect of the adoption of ASC 606 is recognized as an adjustment to retained earnings on the date of initial application (“Transition Adjustment”), and the comparative financial statements for prior periods are not adjusted and continue to be reported under legacy GAAP. The Transition Adjustment was a decrease to retained earnings of $584,900. Financial information for fiscal years 2019 and 2018 is presented under ASC 606 and under legacy GAAP, respectively. The tables below reflect adjusted fiscal year 2019 financial statement amounts as if the Company had been reporting under legacy GAAP for items that are materially different.
The adoption of ASC 606 does not impact the Company's cash flows or the underlying economics of the Company's contracts with customers. However, the pattern and timing of revenue and profit recognition, as well as financial statement presentation and disclosures, has changed.
The significant changes and the qualitative and quantitative impact of the adoption of ASC 606 are noted below:
a.Revenue from Contracts with Customers
Generally, the Company no longer uses the units-of-delivery method, and the historical use of contract blocks to define contracts for accounting purposes has been replaced by accounting contracts as identified under ASC 606. The Company's accounting contracts under ASC 606 are for the specific number of units for which orders have been received, which is typically for fewer units than what was used to define contract blocks under legacy GAAP. In most of the Company's contracts, the customer has options or requirements to purchase additional products and services that do not represent material rights since the options are at their standalone pricing.
The primary effect of the Company’s adoption of ASC 606 (outside of the Aerospace Structures segment) was to recognize revenue over time for certain of its contracts, which is a change from recognition based on shipping terms under the legacy GAAP accounting policy.

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Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

b.Capitalized Preproduction Costs
Under legacy GAAP, certain capitalized preproduction costs were deferred over the life of the contract block; in certain situations this is not permitted under ASC 606. Accordingly, capitalized preproduction costs of $865,843 (pre-tax), net of previously recognized forward loss reserves of $343,983 (pre-tax), were eliminated, resulting in a decrease to retained earnings as of April 1, 2018.
c.Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities
Contract assets primarily represent revenues recognized for performance obligations that have been satisfied but for which amounts have not been billed. Contract assets in the amount of $565,414 were established in the Transition Adjustment.
Contract liabilities primarily represent cash received that is in excess of revenues recognized and is contingent upon the satisfaction of performance obligations. Contract liabilities in the amount of $288,287 were established in the Transition Adjustment, which reflects consideration received prior to the date of initial application that previously represented customer advances and additional forward losses due to change in block sizes. This liability will be recognized as revenue earlier if the options are not fully exercised, or immediately if the contract is terminated prior to the options being fully exercised.
d.Contract Costs
The Company’s accounting for preproduction, tooling and certain other costs has not changed since these costs generally do not fall within the scope of ASC 340-40, however certain related assets have been reclassified from inventory to property and equipment as they are costs to fulfill obligations beyond 1 year. Incurred production costs for anticipated contracts (satisfaction of performance obligations, which have commenced because the Company expects the customer to exercise options) continue to be classified as inventory.
e.Practical Expedients
The Company has adopted ASC 606 only for contracts that were not substantially completed under legacy GAAP on the date of initial application. For these contracts, the Company has reflected the aggregate effect of all modifications executed prior to the date of initial application when identifying satisfied and unsatisfied performance obligations, for determining the transaction price and for allocating the transaction price.
The following tables summarize the impacts of adopting ASC 606 on the Company’s consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended September 30, 2018.

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Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

 
For the Three Months Ended
 
As Reported September 30, 2018
 
Impact of Adoption of ASC Topic 606
 
As Adjusted September 30, 2018
Net sales
$
855,108

 
$
(59,467
)
 
$
795,641

Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
724,474

 
62,136

 
786,610

Selling, general and administrative
69,551

 
1,900

 
71,451

Interest expense and other
28,714

 
(1,756
)
 
26,958

Net loss *
(14,676
)
 
(121,747
)
 
(136,423
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per share
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(2.45
)
 
$
(2.75
)
Diluted
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(2.45
)
 
$
(2.75
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
As Reported September 30, 2018
 
Impact of Adoption of ASC Topic 606
 
As Adjusted September 30, 2018
Net sales
$
1,688,008

 
$
(115,704
)
 
$
1,572,304

Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
1,494,688

 
88,989

 
1,583,677

Selling, general and administrative
151,208

 
3,253

 
154,461

Interest expense and other
54,206

 
(4,044
)
 
50,162

Net loss *
(91,210
)
 
(203,902
)
 
(295,112
)
 
 
 
 
 

Loss per share
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(1.84
)
 
$
(4.11
)
 
$
(5.95
)
Diluted
$
(1.84
)
 
$
(4.11
)
 
$
(5.95
)
* The Company did not have a net tax effect on the Transition Adjustment due to having a full valuation allowance position.
 
As Reported September 30, 2018
 
Impact of Adoption of ASC Topic 606
 
As Adjusted September 30, 2018
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Trade and other receivables
$
377,138

 
$
(50,604
)
 
$
326,534

Contract assets, short term
569,934

 
(560,006
)
 
9,928

Inventories, net
533,583

 
741,797

 
1,275,380

Property and equipment, net
714,022

 
(34,601
)
 
679,421

Total assets
3,375,383

 
96,586

 
3,471,969

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Contract liabilities
354,963

 
(291,840
)
 
63,123

Other noncurrent liabilities
374,931

 
7,424

 
382,355

Stockholders' (deficit) equity
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(382,225
)
 
6

 
(382,219
)
Accumulated (deficit) retained earnings
(533,968
)
 
380,996

 
(152,972
)
Total liabilities and stockholders' (deficit) equity
3,375,383

 
96,586

 
3,471,969




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Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

Adoption of ASU 2017-07
In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, Compensation-Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost ("ASU 2017-07"). ASU 2017-07 requires an employer to report the service cost component of net periodic pension benefit cost in the same line item or items as other compensation costs arising from services rendered by the pertinent employees during the period, with other cost components presented separately from the service cost component and outside of income from operations. ASU 2017-07 also allows only the service cost component of net periodic pension benefit cost to be eligible for capitalization when applicable. ASU 2017-07 was effective for years beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company adopted this standard on April 1, 2018, applying the presentation requirements retrospectively. We elected to apply the practical expedient, which allows us to reclassify amounts disclosed previously in the employee benefit plans note as the basis for applying retrospective presentation for comparative periods as it is impracticable to determine the disaggregation of the cost components for amounts capitalized and amortized in those periods. Provisions related to presentation of the service cost component eligibility for capitalization were applied prospectively.
The effect of the retrospective presentation change related to the net periodic benefit cost of our defined benefit pension and postretirement plans on our condensed consolidated statements of operations was as follows:
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
As Previously Reported
September 30, 2017
 
Impact of Adoption of ASU 2017-07
 
As Adjusted September 30, 2017
Cost of sales
$
579,864

 
$
18,539

 
$
598,403

Selling, general and administrative
74,581

 
861

 
75,442

Pension settlement charge
523

 
(523
)
 

Non-service defined benefit income

 
(18,877
)
 
(18,877
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
As Previously Reported
September 30, 2017
 
Impact of Adoption of ASU 2017-07
 
As Adjusted September 30, 2017
Cost of sales
$
1,207,210

 
$
37,000

 
$
1,244,210

Selling, general and administrative
153,883

 
1,806

 
155,689

Pension settlement charge
523

 
(523
)
 

Non-service defined benefit income

 
(38,283
)
 
(38,283
)
During the first quarter of the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded a non-cash charge related to the adoption of ASU 2017-07 of $87,241 due to an inseparable change in estimate from a change in accounting principles. This charge is presented on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations within "Cost of sales."
Adoption of ASU 2017-12
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities (“ASU 2017-12”), which expands component and fair value hedging, specifies the presentation of the effects of hedging instruments, and eliminates the separate measurement and presentation of hedge ineffectiveness. ASU 2017-12 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2017-12 as of April 1, 2018. The adoption of ASU 2017-12 did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
Standards Issued Not Yet Implemented
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement — Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (“ASU 2018-02”). The guidance in ASU 2018-02 allows an entity to elect to reclassify the stranded tax effects related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Act”) from accumulated other comprehensive income into retained earnings. ASU 2018-02 is effective for fiscal years

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Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of this standard to have a material effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases ("ASU 2016-02"). The guidance in ASU 2016-02 aims to increase transparency and comparability across organizations by requiring lease assets and lease liabilities to be recognized on the balance sheet as well as key information to be disclosed regarding lease arrangements. The amendments in ASU 2016-02 are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. Lessees must apply a modified retrospective transition approach for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases: Targeted Improvements. Among other things, this ASU provides entities with a transition option to recognize the cumulative-effect adjustment from the modified retrospective application to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption rather than the earliest period presented in the financial statements. We currently expect to adopt ASU 2016-02, as updated, effective April 1, 2019. The Company has not yet selected a transition method. The adoption of this new accounting standard will result in an increase in the recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities. However, the Company is continuing to evaluate the impact of adopting this new accounting guidance and, therefore, cannot reasonably estimate the impact on the results of operations or cash flows at this time.

2.     SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
The Company makes estimates of the cost of satisfying the performance obligations in its contracts that may extend over many years. Cost estimates reflect currently available information and the impact of any changes to cost estimates, based upon the facts and circumstances, are recorded in the period in which they become known.
The transaction price for a contract reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive for fully satisfying the performance obligations in the contract. The Company’s contracts with customers are typically for products and services to be provided at fixed stated prices but may also include variable consideration. Variable consideration may include, but is not limited to, unpriced contract modifications; cost sharing provisions; incentives and awards; non-warranty claims and assertions; provisions for non-conformance and rights to return; or other payments to, or receipts from, customers. The Company estimates the variable consideration using the expected value or the most likely amount based upon the facts and circumstances, available data and trends, and the history of resolving variability with specific customers.
The Company regularly commences work and incorporates customer-directed changes prior to negotiating pricing terms for engineering work, product modifications, and other statements of work. The Company's contractual terms typically provide for price negotiations after certain customer-directed changes have been accepted by the Company. Prices are estimated and related costs are deferred until they are contractually agreed upon with the customer. When a contract is modified, the Company evaluates whether additional distinct products and services have been promised and whether allocation of consideration is necessary. If not, the modification is treated as a change to the performance obligations within the existing contract, or otherwise accounted for as a new contract prospectively.
The Company allocates the consideration for a contract to the performance obligations on the basis of their relative standalone selling price. The Company estimates the likelihood of the amount of options that the customer is going to exercise when assessing the existence of performance obligations with respect to this allocation or for assessing the impact of loss contracts. The Company typically provides warranties on all of the Company's products and services. Warranties are typically not priced separately and customers cannot purchase them independently of the products or services under contract; therefore, warranties do not create performance obligations. Triumph's warranties generally provide assurance to the Company's customers that the products or services meet the specifications in the contract. In the event that there is a warranty claim because of a covered material or workmanship issue, the Company may be required to pay the customer for repairs or to perform the repair. Provisions for estimated expenses related to service and product warranties and certain extraordinary rework are made at the time products are sold. These costs are accrued at the time of the sale and are recorded as cost of sales. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency, and the cost experience of warranty

9


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

claims. In the case of new development products or new customers, the Company also considers other factors such as the type and nature of the new product or new customer, among others; these considerations involve the use of management judgment. Actual results could differ from those estimates and assumptions.
For the three months ended September 30, 2018, cumulative catch-up adjustments from changes in estimates, including changes in forward loss estimates, increased net sales, operating loss, net loss, and loss per share by approximately $3,459, $(10,191), $(10,191) and $(0.21), net of tax, respectively. For the three months ended September 30, 2017, cumulative catch-up adjustments from changes in estimates decreased operating loss, net loss and loss per share by approximately $8,416, $6,733 and $0.14, net of tax, respectively.
For the six months ended September 30, 2018, cumulative catch-up adjustments from changes in estimates, including changes in forward loss estimates, decreased net sales and increased operating loss, net loss and loss per share by approximately $(3,292), $(12,968), $(12,968) and $(0.26), net of tax, respectively. In addition, the Company recorded a non-cash charge related to the adoption of ASU 2017-07 of $87,241 due to a change in estimate from a change in accounting principles, which is presented on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations within "Cost of sales." For the six months ended September 30, 2017, cumulative catch-up adjustments from changes in estimates decreased operating loss, net loss and loss per share by approximately $7,916, $6,333 and $0.13, net of tax, respectively.
Revenue Recognition
A significant majority of the Company’s revenues are from long-term supply agreements with various aerospace manufacturers. The Company participates in its customers’ programs by providing design, development, manufacturing, and support services across its various segments. During the early stages of a program, this frequently involves non-recurring design and development services, including tooling. As the program matures, the Company provides recurring manufacturing of products in accordance with customer design and schedule requirements. Many contracts include clauses that provide sole supplier status to the Company for the duration of the program’s life. The Company's long-term supply agreements typically include fixed price volume-based terms and require the satisfaction of performance obligations for the duration of the program’s life.
The identification of an accounting contract with a customer and the related promises requires an assessment of each party’s rights and obligations regarding the products or services to be transferred, including an evaluation of termination clauses and presently enforceable rights and obligations. In general, these long-term supply agreements are legally governed by Master Supply Agreements (or General Terms & Agreement) under which special business provisions (or work package agreements) define specific program requirements. Purchase orders (or authorizations to proceed) are issued under these agreements to reflect presently enforceable rights and obligations for the units of products and services being purchased. The units for accounting purposes (“accounting contract”) are typically determined by the purchase orders. Customers generally contract with the Company for requirements in a segment relating to a specific program, and the Company’s performance obligations consist of a wide range of engineering design services and manufactured components, as well as spare parts and repairs for OEMs. A single program may result in multiple contracts for accounting purposes, and within the respective contracts, non-recurring work elements and recurring work elements may result in multiple performance obligations. The Company generally contracts directly with its customers and is the principal in all current contracts.
Management considers a number of factors when determining the existence of a contract and the related performance obligations that include, but are not limited to: the nature and substance of the business exchange; the contractual terms and conditions; the promised products and services; the termination provisions in the contract; the presently enforceable rights and obligations of the parties to the contract; the nature and execution of the customer’s ordering process and how the Company is authorized to perform work; whether the promised products and services are capable of being distinct and are distinct within the context of the contract; as well as how and when products and services are transferred to the customer.
Revenue is recognized when, or as, control of promised products or services transfers to a customer and is recognized in an amount that reflects the consideration that the Company expects to receive in exchange for those products or services. Revenue is recognized over time as work progresses when the Company is entitled to the reimbursement of costs plus a reasonable profit for work performed for which the Company has no alternate use or when performing work on a customer-owned asset. For these performance obligations that are satisfied over time, the Company generally recognizes revenue using an input method with revenue amounts being recognized proportionately as costs are incurred relative to the total expected costs to satisfy the performance obligation. The Company believes that costs incurred as a portion of total estimated costs is an appropriate

10


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

measure of progress toward satisfaction of the performance obligation since this measure reasonably depicts the progress of the work effort.
Revenues for performance obligations that are not recognized over time are recognized at the point in time when control transfers to the customer (which is generally based on shipping terms). For performance obligations that are satisfied at a point in time, the Company evaluates the point in time when the customer can direct the use of and obtain the benefits from the products and services. Shipping and handling costs are not considered performance obligations and are included in cost of sales as incurred.
The transaction price for a contract reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive for fully satisfying the performance obligations in the contract. A subset of the Company’s current contracts include significant financing components because the timing of the transfer of the underlying products and services under contract are at the customers’ discretion. The Company's contracts with customers generally require payment under normal commercial terms after delivery. Payment terms are typically within 30 to 120 days of delivery. The total transaction price is allocated to each of the identified performance obligations using the relative standalone selling price to reflect the amount the Company expects to be entitled for transferring the promised products and services to the customer. A majority of the Company’s agreements with customers include options for future purchases. As allowed by ASC 606, for all of its contracts the Company has elected to exclude sales and other similar taxes from the transaction price since the Company generally is not subject to collecting sales tax. As a result, the Company's collections from customers for these taxes are on a net basis.
Standalone selling price is the price at which the Company would sell a promised good or service separately to a customer. Standalone selling prices are established at contract inception, and subsequent changes in transaction price are allocated on the same basis as at contract inception. When standalone selling prices for the Company’s products and services are generally not observable, the Company uses either the “Expected Cost plus a Margin” or "Adjusted Market Assessment" approaches to determine standalone selling price. Expected costs are typically derived from the available periodic forecast information. If a contract modification changes the overall transaction price of an existing contract, the Company allocates the new transaction price on the basis of the relative standalone selling prices of the performance obligations, and cumulative adjustments, if any, are recorded in the current period.
The Company also identifies and estimates variable consideration for contractual provisions such as unpriced contract modifications, cost sharing provisions, and other receipts or payments to customers. The timing of satisfaction of performance obligations and actual receipt of payment from a customer may differ and affects the balances of the contract assets and liabilities.
For contracts that are deemed to be loss contracts, the Company establishes forward loss reserves for total estimated costs that are in excess of total estimated consideration in the period in which they become known. The Company records forward loss reserves for all performance obligations in the aggregate for the accounting contract.
Included in net sales of Integrated Systems and Aerospace Structures is the non-cash amortization of acquired contract liabilities that were recognized as fair value adjustments through purchase accounting from various acquisitions. For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized $16,804 and $27,898 of non-cash amortization, respectively, into net sales on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations. For the six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized $34,038 and $57,371 of non-cash amortization, respectively, into net sales on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Disaggregation of Revenue
The Company disaggregates revenue based on the method of measuring satisfaction of the performance obligation either over time or at a point in time. Additionally, the Company disaggregates revenue based upon the end market where products and services are transferred to the customer. The Company’s principal operating segments and related revenue are noted in Note 13, Segments.




11


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

The following table shows disaggregated net sales satisfied overtime and at a point in time (excluding intercompany sales) for the three and six months ended September 30, 2018:
 
Integrated Systems
 
Aerospace Structures
 
Product Support
 
Total
 
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
Satisfied over time
$
72,188

 
$
448,315

 
$
64,807

 
$
585,310

Satisfied at a point in time
177,626

 
70,059

 
5,309

 
252,994

               Revenue from contracts with customers
249,814

 
518,374

 
70,116

 
838,304

     Amortization of acquired contract liabilities
8,768

 
8,036

 
$

 
$
16,804

               Total revenue
$
258,582

 
$
526,410

 
$
70,116

 
$
855,108

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the Six Months Ended September 30, 2018
Satisfied over time
$
136,547

 
$
901,594

 
$
124,232

 
$
1,162,373

Satisfied at a point in time
342,804

 
138,743

 
10,050

 
491,597

               Revenue from contracts with customers
479,351

 
1,040,337

 
134,282

 
1,653,970

     Amortization of acquired contract liabilities
17,617

 
16,421

 

 
34,038

               Total revenue
$
496,968

 
$
1,056,758

 
$
134,282

 
$
1,688,008

The following table shows disaggregated net sales by end market (excluding intercompany sales) for the three and six months ended September 30, 2018:
 
Integrated Systems
 
Aerospace Structures
 
Product Support
 
Total
 
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
Commercial aerospace
$
133,103

 
$
244,636

 
$
55,093

 
$
432,832

Military
87,735

 
66,482

 
11,869

 
166,086

Business jets
15,297

 
191,866

 
399

 
207,562

Regional
7,339

 
10,132

 
2,755

 
20,226

Non-aviation
6,340

 
5,258

 

 
11,598

               Revenue from contracts with customers
249,814

 
518,374

 
70,116

 
838,304

     Amortization of acquired contract liabilities
8,768

 
8,036

 

 
16,804

               Total revenue
$
258,582

 
$
526,410

 
$
70,116

 
$
855,108

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the Six Months Ended September 30, 2018
Commercial aerospace
$
253,680

 
$
526,799

 
$
104,563

 
$
885,042

Military
170,427

 
124,404

 
21,254

 
316,085

Business jets
28,133

 
359,313

 
1,793

 
389,239

Regional
13,956

 
16,534

 
6,672

 
37,162

Non-aviation
13,155

 
13,287

 

 
26,442

               Revenue from contracts with customers
479,351

 
1,040,337

 
134,282

 
1,653,970

     Amortization of acquired contract liabilities
17,617

 
16,421

 

 
34,038

               Total revenue
$
496,968

 
$
1,056,758

 
$
134,282

 
$
1,688,008




12


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

Concentration of Credit Risk
The Company’s trade accounts receivable are exposed to credit risk. However, the risk is limited due to the diversity of the customer base and the customer base’s wide geographical area. Trade accounts receivable from Boeing (representing commercial, military and space) represented approximately 15% and 10% of total trade accounts receivable as of September 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018, respectively. Trade accounts receivable from Gulfstream represented approximately 7% and 16% of total trade accounts receivable as of September 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018, respectively. Trade accounts receivable from Bombardier represented approximately 12% and 1% as of September 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018, respectively. The Company had no other concentrations of credit risk of more than 10%.
Sales to Boeing for the six months ended September 30, 2018, were $527,896, or 31% of net sales, of which $110,971, $410,133, and $6,792 were from the Integrated Systems, Aerospace Structures and Product Support, respectively. Sales to Boeing for the six months ended September 30, 2017, were $507,330, or 33% of net sales, of which $105,304, $397,817 and $4,209 were from the Integrated Systems, Aerospace Structures and Product Support, respectively.
Sales to Gulfstream for the six months ended September 30, 2018, were $174,805, or 10% of net sales, of which $1,065, $173,437, and $303 were from the Integrated Systems, Aerospace Structures and Product Support, respectively. Sales to Gulfstream for the six months ended September 30, 2017, were $198,525, or 13% of net sales, of which $654, $197,674, and $197 were from the Integrated Systems, Aerospace Structures and Product Support, respectively.
No other single customer accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s net sales. However, the loss of any significant customer, including Boeing and Gulfstream, could have a material adverse effect on the Company and its operating subsidiaries.
Stock-Based Compensation
The Company recognizes compensation expense for share-based awards based on the fair value of those awards at the date of grant. Stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, was $3,266 and $3,459, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense for the six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, was $5,728 and $3,418, respectively. The Company has classified share-based compensation within selling, general and administrative expenses to correspond with the same line item as the majority of the cash compensation paid to employees. Upon the exercise of stock options or vesting of restricted stock, the Company first transfers treasury stock, then issues new shares.
Intangible Assets
The components of intangible assets, net, are as follows:
 
September 30, 2018
 
Weighted-
Average Life
 
Gross Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer relationships
17.2
 
$
604,313

 
$
(258,214
)
 
$
346,099

Product rights, technology and licenses
11.4
 
54,976

 
(42,927
)
 
12,049

Non-compete agreements and other
16.3
 
2,756

 
(1,056
)
 
1,700

Tradenames
10.0
 
150,000

 
(29,938
)
 
120,062

Total intangibles, net
 
 
$
812,045

 
$
(332,135
)
 
$
479,910

 
March 31, 2018
 
Weighted-
Average Life
 
Gross Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer relationships
17.3
 
$
606,148

 
$
(240,779
)
 
$
365,369

Product rights, technology and licenses
11.4
 
55,253

 
(41,858
)
 
13,395

Non-compete agreements and other
16.3
 
2,756

 
(965
)
 
1,791

Tradenames
10.0
 
150,000

 
(22,874
)
 
127,126

Total intangibles, net
 
 
$
814,157

 
$
(306,476
)
 
$
507,681


13


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

Amortization expense for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, was $13,203 and $14,550, respectively. Amortization expense for the six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, was $26,436 and $29,375, respectively.
Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. When determining fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required to be recorded at fair value, the Company considers the principal or most advantageous market in which it would transact and also considers assumptions that market participants would use when pricing an asset or liability. The fair value hierarchy has three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value: Level 1—Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities; Level 2—Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, or unadjusted quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability; and Level 3—Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability. The Company has applied fair value measurements to its divestitures (see Note 3).
Warranty Reserves
A reserve has been established to provide for the estimated future cost of warranties on our delivered products. The Company periodically reviews the reserves and adjustments are made accordingly. A provision for warranty on products delivered is made on the basis of historical experience and identified warranty issues. Warranties cover such factors as non-conformance to specifications and defects in material and workmanship. The majority of the Company's agreements include a three-year warranty, although certain programs have warranties up to twenty years. The warranty reserves as of September 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018, were $65,158 and $69,588, respectively.
Supplemental Cash Flow Information
The Company received income tax refunds, net of payments of $7,120 and paid $5,133 for income taxes, net of refunds, for the six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
The Company made interest payments of $38,587 and $31,507 for the six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
During the six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company financed $372 and $1,153, respectively, of property and equipment additions through capital leases.
As of September 30, 2018, the Company remains able to purchase an additional 2,277,789 shares under the existing stock repurchase program. However, there are certain restrictions placed on the repurchase program by the Company's lenders that prevent any repurchases at this time.
3.     DIVESTED OPERATIONS AND ASSETS HELD FOR SALE
In July 2018 and August 2018, respectively, the Company sold all of the shares of Triumph Structures - East Texas, Inc. as well as all of the shares of Triumph Structures - Los Angeles, Inc., and Triumph Processing, Inc. (collectively, the "fiscal 2019 divestitures") for combined cash proceeds of $40,000 and a note receivable of $7,000. The note receivable was collected subsequent to September 30, 2018. As a result of these sales, the Company recognized losses of $17,202 which are presented on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations within "Loss on divestitures." The operating results for the fiscal 2019 divestitures are included in Aerospace Structures through the date of divestiture.
In March 2018, the Company sold all of the shares of Triumph Structures - Long Island, LLC ("TS-LI") for cash proceeds of $9,500 and a note receivable of $1,400. The note receivable was collected subsequent to September 30, 2018. As a result of the sale of TS-LI, the Company recognized a loss of $10,370. The operating results of TS-LI were included in Aerospace Structures through the date of divestiture.
In September 2017, the Company sold all of the shares of Triumph Processing - Embee Division, Inc. ("Embee") for total cash proceeds of $64,986. As a result of the sale of Embee, the Company recognized a loss of $17,857. The operating results of Embee were included in Integrated Systems through the date of divestiture.

14


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

In December 2016, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to divest the assets and business of Triumph Air Repair, the Auxiliary Power Unit Overhaul Operations of Triumph Aviation Services - Asia, Ltd. and Triumph Engines - Tempe ("Engines and APU") for total cash proceeds of $60,364. As a result, the Company recognized a loss of $14,263 on the sale. The operating results of Engines and APU were included in Product Support through the date of divestiture. The transaction closed during the quarter ended June 30, 2017. An option to purchase the repair part line of Triumph Aviation Services - Asia, Ltd. was executed by the buyer of Engines and APU in May 2018 for total cash proceeds of $17,794. This transaction is expected to close during the second half of fiscal 2019 and is expected to result in a gain. The related assets and liabilities are shown as held for sale on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The divestitures of these entities does not represent a strategic shift and is not expected to have a major effect on the Company's operations or financial results, as defined by ASC 205-20, Discontinued Operations; as a result, the divestitures do not meet the criteria to be classified as discontinued operations.
To measure the amount of impairment related to the divestitures, the Company compared the fair values of assets and liabilities at the evaluation dates with the carrying amounts at the end of the month prior to the respective evaluation dates. The assets and liabilities of the above divestitures and assets held for sale are categorized as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy. The key assumption included the negotiated sales price of the assets and the assumptions of the liabilities (see Note 2 above for the definition of levels).
4.    CONTRACT ASSETS AND CONTRACT LIABILITIES
Contract assets primarily represent revenues recognized for performance obligations that have been satisfied but for which amounts have not been billed. No impairments to contract assets were recorded for the period ended September 30, 2018.
Contract liabilities are established for cash received that is in excess of revenues recognized and are contingent upon the satisfaction of performance obligations. Contract liabilities primarily consist of cash received on contracts for which revenue has been deferred since the Company has not fulfilled its obligation to the customer, along with provisions for forward losses due to changes in block size and performance obligations.
 
September 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
 
Change
Contract assets
$
569,934

 
$
37,573

 
$
532,361

Contract liabilities
(354,963
)
 
(321,191
)
 
(33,772
)
Net contract asset
$
214,971

 
$
(283,618
)
 
$
498,589

The increase in contract assets reflects the effect of the adoption of ASC 606 of approximately $565,000, partially offset by revenue recognized during the period from performance obligations satisfied in previous periods of $3,292 and the net impact of additional unbilled revenues recorded in excess of revenue recognized during the period. The increase in contract liabilities reflects the effect of the adoption of ASC 606 of approximately $288,000 and the net impact of additional deferred revenues recorded in excess of revenue recognized during the period. For the period ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized $87,394 of revenue that was included in the contract liability balance at the beginning of the period.

5.    PERFORMANCE OBLIGATIONS
As of September 30, 2018, the Company has the following unsatisfied, or partially unsatisfied, performance obligations that are expected to be recognized in the future as noted in the table below. The Company expects options to be exercised in addition to the amounts presented below.
 
Total
 
Less than
1 year
 
1-3 years
 
4-5 years
 
More than 5
years
Unsatisfied performance obligations
$
4,997,125

 
$
2,563,022

 
$
1,543,950

 
$
328,552

 
$
561,601


6.    INVENTORIES

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Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (average-cost or specific-identification methods) or market. The components of inventories are as follows:
 
September 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
Raw materials
$
61,987

 
$
69,069

Work-in-process, including manufactured and purchased components
351,748

 
1,591,952

Finished goods
63,716

 
95,234

Rotable assets
56,132

 
58,060

Less: unliquidated progress payments

 
(387,146
)
Total inventories
$
533,583

 
$
1,427,169

At March 31, 2018, work-in-process inventory previously included capitalized preproduction costs on newer development programs. Capitalized preproduction costs include non-recurring engineering, planning and design, including applicable overhead, incurred before production is manufactured on a regular basis. Significant customer-directed work changes can also cause preproduction costs to be incurred. These costs are typically recovered over a contractually determined number of ship set deliveries.
Following the adoption of ASU 2014-09, the capitalized preproduction costs and forward loss provisions associated with these programs were recognized in the transition adjustment. At March 31, 2018, the balance of development program inventory, composed principally of capitalized preproduction costs, excluding progress payments related to the Company's contracts with Bombardier for the Global 7500 program ("Bombardier") and Embraer for the second generation E-Jet program ("Embraer") was as follows:
 
March 31, 2018
 
Inventory
 
Capitalized Preproduction
 
Forward Loss Provision
 
Total Inventory, net
Bombardier
$
321,780

 
$
685,503

 
$
(343,000
)
 
$
664,283

Embraer
38,125

 
180,340

 
(983
)
 
217,482

Total
$
359,905

 
$
865,843

 
$
(343,983
)
 
$
881,765

During the fiscal year ended March 31, 2016, the Company recorded a $399,758 forward loss charge for the Bombardier Global 7500 wing program ("Global 7500"). Under our contract for the Bombardier Global 7500, the Company has the right to design, develop and manufacture wing components for the Global 7500 program. The Global 7500 contract provides for fixed pricing and requires the Company to fund certain up-front development expenses, with certain milestone payments made by Bombardier.
The Global 7500 program charge resulted in the impairment of previously capitalized preproduction costs due to the combination of cost recovery uncertainty, higher than anticipated non-recurring costs and increased forecasted costs on recurring production. The increases in costs were driven by several factors, including changing technical requirements, increased spending on the design and engineering phase of the program, and uncertainty regarding cost reduction and cost recovery initiatives with our customer and suppliers.
The Global 7500 program has continued to incur costs since March 2016 in support of the development and transition to production.
In May 2017, Triumph Aerostructures and Bombardier entered into a comprehensive settlement agreement that resolved all outstanding commercial disputes between them, including all pending litigation, related to the design, manufacture and supply of wing components for the Global 7500 business aircraft. The settlement reset the commercial relationship between the companies and allowed each company to better achieve its business objectives going forward.
Further cost increases or an inability to meet revised recurring cost forecasts on the Global 7500 program may result in additional forward loss reserves in future periods, while improvements in future costs compared with current estimates may result in favorable adjustments if forward loss reserves are no longer required.

16


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

The Company is still in the early production stages for the Bombardier and Embraer programs, as these aircrafts are scheduled to enter service in fiscal 2019. Transition of these programs from development to recurring production levels is dependent upon the success of the programs achieving flight testing and certification, as well as the ability of the Bombardier and Embraer programs to generate acceptable levels of aircraft sales. The failure to achieve these milestones and level of sales or significant cost overruns may result in additional forward losses.
7.    LONG-TERM DEBT
Long-term debt consists of the following:
 
September 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Revolving line of credit
$
332,661

 
$
112,887

Receivable securitization facility
85,700

 
107,800

Capital leases
49,740

 
59,546

Senior notes due 2021
375,000

 
375,000

Senior notes due 2022
300,000

 
300,000

Senior notes due 2025
500,000

 
500,000

Less: Debt issuance costs
(15,062
)
 
(16,949
)
 
1,628,039

 
1,438,284

Less: Current portion
14,993

 
16,527

 
$
1,613,046

 
$
1,421,757

Revolving Credit Facility
In July 2018, the Company, its subsidiary co-borrowers and guarantors entered into a Tenth Amendment to the Credit Agreement (the “Tenth Amendment” and the existing Credit Agreement as amended by the Tenth Amendment, the "Credit Agreement") and with the Administrative Agent and the Lenders party thereto. Among other things, the Tenth Amendment modifies certain financial covenants and other terms and lowers the capacity upon completion of certain asset sales and will automatically reduce to $700,000 at March 31, 2019. The Tenth Amendment also adds an additional mandatory prepayment provision requiring that the Company prepay the outstanding revolving credit loans as set forth in the Tenth Amendment. The recent divestitures resulted in a reduction of the capacity under the Credit Agreement from $800,000 to $750,000 during the three months ended September 30, 2018.
In connection with the Tenth Amendment to the Credit Agreement, the Company incurred $1,694 of financing costs. These costs, along with the $8,961 of unamortized financing costs subsequent to the Ninth Amendment, are being amortized over the remaining term of the Credit Agreement. In accordance with the reduction in the capacity of the Credit Agreement, the Company wrote off a proportional amount of unamortized financing fees existing prior to the Tenth Amendment.
In July 2017, the Company entered into a Ninth Amendment to the Credit Agreement (the “Ninth Amendment” and the existing Credit Agreement, as amended by the Ninth Amendment, the “Credit Agreement”) with the Administrative Agent and the Lenders party thereto to, among other things: (i) permit the Company to incur High Yield Indebtedness (as defined in the Credit Agreement) in an aggregate principal amount of up to $500,000, subject to the Company’s obligations to apply the net proceeds from an offering to repay the outstanding principal amount of the term loans in full; (ii) limit the mandatory prepayment provisions to eliminate the requirement that net proceeds received from the incurrence of Permitted Indebtedness (as defined in the Credit Agreement), including the High Yield Indebtedness, be applied to reduce the revolving credit commitments once the revolving credit commitments have been reduced to $800,000; (iii) amend certain covenants and other terms; and (iv) modify the current interest rate and letter of credit pricing tiers.
In May 2017, the Company entered into an Eighth Amendment to the Credit Agreement, among the Company and its lenders to, among other things: (i) eliminate the total leverage ratio financial covenant; (ii) increase the maximum permitted senior secured leverage ratio financial covenant applicable to each fiscal quarter, commencing with the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2017, and to revise the step-downs applicable to such financial covenant; (iii) reduce the aggregate principal amount

17


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

of commitments under the revolving line of credit to $850,000 from $1,000,000; (iv) modify the maturity date of the term loans so that all of the term loans will mature on March 31, 2019; and (v) establish a new higher pricing tier for the interest rate, commitment fee and letter of credit fee pricing provisions.
The obligations under the Credit Agreement and related documents are secured by liens on substantially all assets of the Company and its domestic subsidiaries pursuant to a Second Amended and Restated Guarantee and Collateral Agreement, dated as of November 19, 2013, among the administrative agent, the Company and the subsidiaries of the Company party thereto.
Pursuant to the Credit Agreement, the Company can borrow, repay and re-borrow revolving credit loans, and cause to be issued letters of credit, in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $750,000 outstanding at any time. The Credit Agreement bears interest at either: (i) London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) plus between 1.50% and 3.50%; (ii) the prime rate; or (iii) an overnight rate at the option of the Company. The applicable interest rate is based upon the Company’s ratio of total indebtedness to earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization. In addition, the Company is required to pay a commitment fee of 0.50% on the unused portion of the Credit Agreement. The Company’s obligations under the Credit Agreement are guaranteed by the Company’s domestic subsidiaries.
At September 30, 2018, there were $332,661 in borrowings and $31,156 in letters of credit outstanding under the Revolving Line of Credit provisions of the Credit Agreement, primarily to support insurance policies. At March 31, 2018, there were $112,887 in borrowings and $30,641 in letters of credit outstanding under the Revolving Line of Credit provisions of the Credit Agreement, primarily to support insurance policies. The level of unused borrowing capacity under the Revolving Line of Credit provisions of the Credit Agreement varies from time to time depending in part upon its compliance with financial and other covenants set forth in the related agreement. The Credit Agreement contains certain affirmative and negative covenants, including limitations on specified levels of indebtedness to earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, and interest coverage requirements, and includes limitations on, among other things, liens, mergers, consolidations, sales of assets, and incurrence of debt. If an event of default were to occur under the Credit Agreement, the lenders would be entitled to declare all amounts borrowed under it immediately due and payable. The occurrence of an event of default under the Credit Agreement could also cause the acceleration of obligations under certain other agreements. The Company is currently in compliance with all such covenants. Although the Company does not anticipate any violations of the financial covenants, its ability to comply with these covenants is dependent upon achieving earnings and cash flow projections. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had borrowing capacity under this agreement of $386,183 after reductions for borrowings, letters of credit outstanding under the facility and consideration of covenant limitations.
The Credit Agreement also provided for a variable rate term loan (the "2013 Term Loan"). The Company repaid the outstanding principal amount of the 2013 Term Loan in quarterly installments, on the first business day of each January, April, July and October. During August 2017, the 2013 Term Loan was paid in full with the proceeds from the Senior Notes due 2025.
The Company previously maintained an interest rate swap agreement to reduce its exposure to interest on the variable rate portion of its long-term debt. In conjunction with the repayment of the 2013 Term Loan, the Company terminated the interest rate swap receiving $280 upon settlement.
Receivables Securitization Facility
In November 2017, the Company amended the Securitization Facility decreasing the purchase limit from $225,000 to $125,000 and extending the term through November 2020. In connection with the Securitization Facility, the Company sells on a revolving basis certain trade accounts receivable to Triumph Receivables, LLC, a wholly-owned special-purpose entity, which in turn sells a percentage ownership interest in the receivables to commercial paper conduits sponsored by financial institutions. The Company is the servicer of the trade accounts receivable under the Securitization Facility. As of September 30, 2018, the maximum amount available under the Securitization Facility was $125,000. Interest rates are based on LIBOR plus a program fee and a commitment fee. The program fee is 0.13% on the amount outstanding under the Securitization Facility. Additionally, the commitment fee is 0.50% on 100.00% of the maximum amount available under the Securitization Facility. The Company secures its trade accounts receivable, which are generally non-interest bearing, in transactions that are accounted for as borrowings pursuant to the Transfers and Servicing topic of the ASC 860.

18


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

The agreement governing the Securitization Facility contains restrictions and covenants, including limitations on the making of certain restricted payments; creation of certain liens; and certain corporate acts such as mergers, consolidations and the sale of all or substantially all of the Company's assets.
Senior Notes Due 2021
On February 26, 2013, the Company issued $375,000 principal amount of 4.875% Senior Notes due 2021 (the "2021 Notes"). The 2021 Notes were sold at 100% of principal amount and have an effective interest yield of 4.875%. Interest on the 2021 Notes accrues at the rate of 4.875% per annum and is payable semiannually in cash in arrears on April 1 and October 1 of each year, commencing on October 1, 2013.
Senior Notes Due 2022
On June 3, 2014, the Company issued $300,000 principal amount of 5.250% Senior Notes due 2022 (the "2022 Notes"). The 2022 Notes were sold at 100% of principal amount and have an effective interest yield of 5.250%. Interest on the 2022 Notes accrues at the rate of 5.250% per annum and is payable semiannually in cash in arrears on June 1 and December 1 of each year, commencing on December 1, 2014.
Senior Notes Due 2025
On August 17, 2017, the Company issued $500,000 principal amount of 7.750% Senior Notes due 2025 (the "2025 Notes"). The 2025 Notes were sold at 100% of principal amount and have an effective interest yield of 7.750%. Interest on the 2025 Notes accrues at the rate of 7.750% per annum and is payable semiannually in cash in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year, commencing on February 15, 2018.
Financial Instruments Not Recorded at Fair Value
The carrying amounts of certain of our financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable, approximate fair value because of their short maturities (Level 1 inputs). Carrying amounts and the related estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments not recorded at fair value in the condensed consolidated financial statements are as follows:
 
September 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair Value
Long-term debt
$
1,628,039

 
$
1,596,710

 
$
1,438,284

 
$
1,446,151

The fair value of the long-term debt was calculated based on interest rates available for debt with terms and maturities similar to the Company’s existing debt arrangements (Level 2 inputs), unless quoted market prices were available.

8.    LOSS PER SHARE
The following is a reconciliation between the weighted-average outstanding shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted loss per share:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Six Months Ended September 30,
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Weighted-average common shares outstanding – basic
49,628

 
49,428

 
49,590

 
49,400

Net effect of dilutive stock options and nonvested stock (a)

 

 

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding – diluted
49,628

 
49,428

 
49,590

 
49,400


19


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

(a)    For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, incremental shares of 303 and 172 have been excluded due to the net loss for the period. For the six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, incremental shares of 254 and 154 have been excluded due to the net loss in each period.

9.    INCOME TAXES
The Company follows the Income Taxes topic of ASC 740, which prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute criteria for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return, as well as guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition.
On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax legislation referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”). The Act introduced tax reform that reduced the current corporate federal income tax rate from 35% to 21%, among other changes. The Act makes broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code, and it will take time to fully evaluate the impact of these changes on the Company. The Company has prepared a reasonable estimate around the impact of the Act and has recorded a provisional impact (as described in the SEC's Staff Accounting Bulletin 118) to the tax provision in the period ended March 31, 2018. While the Company has computed and recorded these provisional amounts, these will be finalized within the established measurement period (not to exceed one year) as additional data and information is gathered. The Company determined that the amounts recorded are provisional as adjustments may occur due to additional guidance from the Internal Revenue Service and as certain tax positions are finalized when the Company files its fiscal 2018 tax returns. As of September 30, 2018, the Company has not made material revisions to the provisional tax impact of the Act. Any revisions will be included as an adjustment to the tax expense in the period in which the amounts are determined.
The Company is still evaluating the effects of the Act’s global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”) provisions and has not adopted an accounting policy on whether the Company will account for GILTI as a period expense or record deferred taxes on temporary basis differences expected to reverse as GILTI in future years. The Company's accounting for the effects of the GILTI provision is incomplete; however, the Company has included estimated GILTI tax related to current year operations in the Company's annualized effective tax rate and has not provided additional GILTI on deferred items.
The Act also introduces base erosion and anti-abuse tax provisions (“BEAT”) for companies that meet certain thresholds by effectively excluding deductions on certain payments to foreign related entities. Although the Company's analysis of the tax effects of the BEAT provision is incomplete, the Company does not expect to be subject to the tax.
The Company has classified uncertain tax positions as noncurrent income tax liabilities unless expected to be paid in one year. Penalties and tax-related interest expense are reported as a component of income tax expense. As of September 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the total amount of accrued income tax-related interest and penalties was $356 and $327, respectively.

As of September 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits was $17,374 and $11,532, respectively, most of which would impact the effective rate, if recognized. The Company does not anticipate that total unrecognized tax benefits will be reduced in the next 12 months.
As of September 30, 2018, the Company has a valuation allowance against principally all of its net deferred tax assets given insufficient positive evidence to support the realization of the Company’s deferred tax assets.  The Company intends to continue maintaining a valuation allowance on its deferred tax assets until there is sufficient positive evidence to support the reversal of all or some portion of these allowances.  A reduction in the valuation allowance could result in a significant decrease in income tax expense in the period that the release is recorded.  However, the exact timing and amount of the reduction in its valuation allowance is unknown at this time and will be subject to the earnings level the Company achieves during fiscal 2019 as well as the Company's income in future periods.
The effective income tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2018, was (2.2)% as compared with 17.6% for the three months ended September 30, 2017. For the three months ended September 30, 2018, the effective tax rate reflected a limitation on the recognition of tax benefits due to the full valuation allowance.
The effective income tax rate for the six months ended September 30, 2018, was (1.6)% as compared with 20.0% for the six months ended September 30, 2017. For the six months ended September 30, 2018, the effective tax rate reflected a limitation on the recognition of tax benefits due to the full valuation allowance.

20


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)


With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal, state, or local income tax examinations for fiscal years ended before March 31, 2014, or foreign income tax examinations by tax authorities for fiscal years ended before March 31, 2011.

As of September 30, 2018, the Company is subject to examination in one state jurisdiction and one foreign jurisdiction. The Company has filed appeals in a prior state examination related to fiscal years ended March 31, 1999 through March 31, 2005. Because of net operating losses acquired as part of the acquisition of Vought, the Company is subject to U.S. federal income tax examinations and various state jurisdictions for the years ended December 31, 2001 and after, related to previously filed Vought tax returns. The Company believes appropriate provisions for all outstanding issues have been made for all jurisdictions and all open years.
10.    GOODWILL
The following is a summary of the changes in the carrying value of goodwill by reportable segment, from March 31, 2018 through September 30, 2018:
 
Integrated Systems
 
Product Support
 
Total
Balance, March 31, 2018
$
523,893

 
$
68,935

 
$
592,828

Effect of exchange rate changes
(6,291
)
 
(19
)
 
(6,310
)
Balance, September 30, 2018
$
517,602

 
$
68,916

 
$
586,518


As of March 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018, Aerospace Structures had goodwill of $1,275,134, which was fully impaired.

11.     PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS
The Company sponsors several defined benefit pension plans covering some of its employees. Certain employee groups are ineligible to participate in the plans or have ceased to accrue additional benefits under the plans based upon their service to the Company or years of service accrued under the defined benefit pension plans. Benefits under the defined benefit plans are based on years of service and, for most non-represented employees, on average compensation for certain years. It is the Company’s policy to fund at least the minimum amount required for all qualified plans, using actuarial cost methods and assumptions acceptable under U.S. government regulations, by making payments into a separate trust.
In addition to the defined benefit pension plans, the Company provides certain healthcare and life insurance benefits for eligible retired employees. Such benefits are unfunded. Employees achieve eligibility to participate in these contributory plans upon retirement from active service if they meet specified age and years of service requirements. Election to participate for some employees must be made at the date of retirement. Qualifying dependents at the date of retirement are also eligible for medical coverage. Current plan documents reserve the right to amend or terminate the plans at any time, subject to applicable collective bargaining requirements for represented employees. From time to time, changes have been made to the benefits provided to various groups of plan participants. Premiums charged to most retirees for medical coverage prior to age 65 are based on years of service and are adjusted annually for changes in the cost of the plans as determined by an independent actuary. In addition to this medical inflation cost-sharing feature, the plans also have provisions for deductibles, co-payments, coinsurance percentages, out-of-pocket limits, schedules of reasonable fees, preferred provider networks, coordination of benefits with other plans and a Medicare carve-out.
In accordance with the Compensation – Retirement Benefits topic of ASC 715, the Company has recognized the funded status of the benefit obligation as of the date of the last re-measurement, on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. The funded status is measured as the difference between the fair value of the plan’s assets and the pension benefit obligation or accumulated postretirement benefit obligation, of the plan. In order to recognize the funded status, the Company determined the fair value of the plan assets. The majority of the plan assets are publicly traded investments, which were valued based on the market price as of the date of re-measurement. Investments that are not publicly traded were valued based on the estimated fair value of those investments based on our evaluation of data from fund managers and comparable market data.

21


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

Net Periodic Benefit Plan Costs
The components of net periodic benefit costs (income) for our postretirement benefit plans are shown in the following table:
 
Pension benefits
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Six Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Components of net periodic benefit costs:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
824

 
$
1,124

 
$
1,654

 
$
2,244

Interest cost
19,909

 
18,801

 
39,830

 
37,589

Expected return on plan assets
(37,074
)
 
(38,084
)
 
(74,181
)
 
(76,132
)
Amortization of prior service credits
(907
)
 
(710
)
 
(1,815
)
 
(1,421
)
Amortization of net loss
4,179

 
3,477

 
8,360

 
6,925

Settlement charge

 
523

 

 
523

Net periodic benefit income
$
(13,069
)
 
$
(14,869
)
 
$
(26,152
)
 
$
(30,272
)
 
Other postretirement benefits
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Six Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Components of net periodic benefit costs:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
57

 
$
102

 
$
113

 
$
203

Interest cost
1,010

 
1,219

 
2,019

 
2,438

Amortization of prior service credits
(1,164
)
 
(2,328
)
 
(2,327
)
 
(4,656
)
Amortization of gain
(2,463
)
 
(1,775
)
 
(4,926
)
 
(3,549
)
Net periodic benefit income
$
(2,560
)
 
$
(2,782
)
 
$
(5,121
)
 
$
(5,564
)

22


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)


12.     STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("AOCI") by component for the three and six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, were as follows:
 
 
Currency Translation Adjustment
 
Unrealized Gains and Losses on Derivative Instruments
 
Defined Benefit Pension Plans and Other Postretirement Benefits
 
Total (1)
Balance June 30, 2018
 
$
(73,207
)
 
$
(913
)
 
$
(309,708
)
 
$
(383,828
)
   AOCI before reclassifications
 
1,038

 
1,706

 
(399
)
 
2,345

   Amounts reclassified from AOCI
 

 
(742
)
 

 
(742
)
 Net current period AOCI
 
1,038

 
964

 
(399
)
 
1,603

Balance September 30, 2018
 
$
(72,169
)
 
$
51

 
$
(310,107
)
 
$
(382,225
)
Balance June 30, 2017
 
$
(75,791
)
 
$
2,336

 
$
(312,466
)
 
$
(385,921
)
   AOCI before reclassifications
 
9,905

 
(561
)
 
523

 
9,867

   Amounts reclassified from AOCI
 

 
(2,021
)
 
(1,347
)
 
(3,368
)
 Net current period AOCI
 
9,905

 
(2,582
)
 
(824
)
 
6,499

Balance September 30, 2017
 
$
(65,886
)
 
$
(246
)
 
$
(313,290
)
 
$
(379,422
)
Balance March 31, 2018
 
$
(58,683
)
 
$
122

 
$
(309,309
)
 
$
(367,870
)
   AOCI before reclassifications
 
(13,486
)
 
742

 
(798
)
 
(13,542
)
   Amounts reclassified from AOCI
 

 
(813
)
 

 
(813
)
 Net current period AOCI
 
(13,486
)
 
(71
)
 
(798
)
 
(14,355
)
Balance September 30, 2018
 
$
(72,169
)
 
$
51

 
$
(310,107
)
 
$
(382,225
)
Balance March 31, 2017
 
$
(87,212
)
 
$
2,153

 
$
(311,119
)
 
$
(396,178
)
   AOCI before reclassifications
 
21,326

 
(19
)
 
523

 
21,830

   Amounts reclassified from AOCI
 

 
(2,380
)
 
(2,694
)
 
(5,074
)
 Net current period AOCI
 
21,326

 
(2,399
)
 
(2,171
)
 
16,756

Balance September 30, 2017
 
$
(65,886
)
 
$
(246
)
 
$
(313,290
)
 
$
(379,422
)
(1) Net of tax.


23


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)


13.     SEGMENTS
The Company has three reportable segments: Integrated Systems, Aerospace Structures and Product Support. The Company’s reportable segments are aligned with how the business is managed, and the Company's views of the markets it serves. The Chief Operating Decision Maker (the "CODM") evaluates performance and allocates resources based upon review of segment information. The CODM utilizes earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, and pension (“Adjusted EBITDAP”) as a primary measure of segment profitability to evaluate performance of its segments and allocate resources.
Integrated Systems consists of the Company’s operations that provide integrated solutions, including design, development and support of proprietary components, subsystems and systems, as well as production of complex assemblies using external designs.  Capabilities include hydraulic, mechanical and electromechanical actuation, power and control; a complete suite of aerospace gearbox solutions, including engine accessory gearboxes and helicopter transmissions; active and passive heat exchange technology; fuel pumps, fuel metering units and Full Authority Digital Electronic Control fuel systems; hydro-mechanical and electromechanical primary and secondary flight controls; and a broad spectrum of surface treatment options.
Aerospace Structures consists of the Company’s operations that supply commercial, business, regional and military manufacturers with large metallic and composite structures. Products include wings, wing boxes, fuselage panels, horizontal and vertical tails and sub-assemblies such as floor grids. Aerospace Structures also has the capability to engineer detailed structural designs in metal and composites. It also includes the Company’s operations that produce close-tolerance parts primarily to customer designs and model-based definition, including a wide range of aluminum, hard metal and composite structure capabilities. Capabilities include complex machining; gear manufacturing; sheet metal fabrication; forming; advanced composite and interior structures; joining processes such as welding, autoclave bonding and conventional mechanical fasteners; and a variety of special processes, including super plastic titanium forming, aluminum and titanium chemical milling, and surface treatments. As described in Note 1, during the first quarter of the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded a non-cash charge related to the adoption of ASU 2017-07 of $87,241 due to an inseparable change in estimate from a change in accounting principles. This charge is included in Aerospace Structures operating income and is excluded from Segment Adjusted EBITDAP.
Product Support consists of the Company’s operations that provide full life cycle solutions for commercial, regional and military aircraft. The Company’s extensive product and service offerings include full post-delivery value chain services that simplify the MRO supply chain. Through its line maintenance, component MRO and postproduction supply chain activities, Product Support is positioned to provide integrated planeside repair solutions globally. Capabilities include fuel tank repair, metallic and composite aircraft structures, nacelles, thrust reversers, interiors, auxiliary power units and a wide variety of pneumatic, hydraulic, fuel and mechanical accessories.
Segment Adjusted EBITDAP is total segment revenue reduced by operating expenses (less depreciation and amortization) identifiable with that segment. Corporate includes general corporate administrative costs and any other costs not identifiable with one of the Company’s segments, including loss on divestitures of $17,837 for the six months ended September 30, 2018.
The Company does not accumulate net sales information by product or service or groups of similar products and services and, therefore, the Company does not disclose net sales by product or service because to do so would be impracticable. Selected financial information for each reportable segment is as follows:

24


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Six Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Integrated Systems
$
260,717

 
$
233,765

 
$
501,756

 
$
471,900

Aerospace Structures
528,367

 
447,772

 
1,060,753

 
931,088

Product Support
72,199

 
68,366

 
138,414

 
134,799

Elimination of inter-segment sales
(6,175
)
 
(4,747
)
 
(12,915
)
 
(10,942
)
 
$
855,108

 
$
745,156

 
$
1,688,008

 
$
1,526,845

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Loss) income before income taxes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Integrated Systems (1)
$
39,866

 
$
41,641

 
$
75,275

 
$
88,624

Aerospace Structures (1)
(22,744
)
 
(9,052
)
 
(102,331
)
 
(31,570
)
Product Support
11,514

 
11,233

 
19,183

 
19,670

Corporate
(30,637
)
 
(43,851
)
 
(60,676
)
 
(77,750
)
 
(2,001
)
 
(29
)
 
(68,549
)
 
(1,026
)
Non-service defined benefit income
(16,524
)
 
(18,877
)
 
(33,061
)
 
(38,283
)
Interest expense and other
28,714

 
25,375

 
54,206

 
46,393

 
$
(14,191
)
 
$
(6,527
)
 
$
(89,694
)
 
$
(9,136
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Integrated Systems
$
7,384

 
$
9,588

 
$
14,939

 
$
19,539

Aerospace Structures
28,294

 
29,305

 
57,214

 
56,445

Product Support
1,664

 
1,667

 
3,334

 
3,405

Corporate
792

 
308

 
1,458

 
610

 
$
38,134

 
$
40,868

 
$
76,945

 
$
79,999

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of acquired contract liabilities, net:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Integrated Systems
$
8,768

 
$
9,299

 
$
17,617

 
$
16,602

Aerospace Structures
8,036

 
18,599

 
16,421

 
40,769

 
$
16,804

 
$
27,898

 
$
34,038

 
$
57,371

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted EBITDAP:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Integrated Systems (1)
$
38,482

 
$
41,930

 
$
72,597

 
$
91,561

Aerospace Structures (1)
(2,486
)
 
1,654

 
25,703

 
(15,894
)
Product Support
13,178

 
12,900

 
22,517

 
23,075

Corporate
(16,727
)
 
(23,172
)
 
(41,381
)
 
(56,769
)
 
$
32,447

 
$
33,312

 
$
79,436

 
$
41,973

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Integrated Systems
$
3,828

 
$
1,455

 
$
5,437

 
$
4,020

Aerospace Structures
7,077

 
7,796

 
17,215

 
16,275

Product Support
671

 
769

 
1,019

 
1,030

Corporate
478

 
670

 
583

 
1,450

 
$
12,054

 
$
10,690

 
$
24,254

 
$
22,775





25


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

__________________
(1) Prior period information has been reclassified as a result of the Company's adoption of ASU 2017-07 on a retrospective basis in the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019. In accordance with the adoption of this guidance, prior year amounts related to the components of net periodic pension and postretirement benefit cost other than service costs have been reclassified from cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expense to non-service pension (benefit) on the condensed consolidated statements of operations for all periods presented. Accordingly, income of $446 and $18,954 for Integrated Systems and Aerospace Structures, respectively, was reclassified into other income for the three months ended September 30, 2017. Accordingly, income of $880 and $37,926 for Integrated Systems and Aerospace Structures, respectively, was reclassified into other income for the six months ended September 30, 2017. The Company also recorded a non-cash charge related to the adoption of ASU 2017-07 of $87,241 due to an inseparable change in estimate from a change in accounting principles, which is presented on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations within "Cost of sales."
 
September 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
Total Assets:
 
 
 
Integrated Systems
$
1,244,138

 
$
1,225,770

Aerospace Structures
1,812,835

 
2,260,416

Product Support
283,938

 
281,101

Corporate
34,472

 
39,777

 
$
3,375,383

 
$
3,807,064

During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company had international sales of $264,526 and $166,637, respectively.
During the six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company had international sales of $491,096 and $345,044, respectively.

14.
SELECTED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF PARENT, GUARANTORS AND NON-GUARANTORS

The 2021 Notes, the 2022 Notes and the 2025 Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a joint and several basis by the Guarantor Subsidiaries. The total assets, stockholders' equity, revenue, earnings and cash flows from operating activities of the Guarantor Subsidiaries exceeded a majority of the consolidated total of such items as of and for the periods reported. The only consolidated subsidiaries of the Company that are not guarantors of the 2021 Notes, the 2022 Notes and the 2025 Notes (the “Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries”) are (a) the receivables securitization special-purpose entity and (b) the foreign operating subsidiaries. The following tables present condensed consolidating financial statements, including the Company (the “Parent”), the Guarantor Subsidiaries, and the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries. Such financial statements include summary condensed consolidating balance sheets as of September 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018, condensed consolidating statements of comprehensive income for the three and six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and condensed consolidating statements of cash flows for the six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.





26


Table of Contents
Triumph Group, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)


SUMMARY CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEETS:

 
September 30, 2018
 
Parent
 
Guarantor
 Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor
 Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
 Total
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
79

 
$
237

 
$
32,911

 
$